Posts tagged Alfresco

JSP based components in Spring Surf


In my last blogpost we got Java backed webscripts working, now let’s try something completely different: defining page snippet as a component in .JSP. Just let’s continue with our last code, which is possible to download, but it’s not necessary, it’s possible to build it all on green meadow (aka after project in roo is created and surf installed).

First thing to do is to add dependency for jstl into Maven’s pom.xml and then update maven dependencies and refresh our project in Eclipse.


Now you can get glue on Spring forums, or trust me and create new component type with JSP Renderer: it’s needed to create new directory – /WEB-INF/classes/surf/site/component-types and inside new component type configuration – test.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <title>Test Component Type</title>
    <description>Test Component Type</description>

    <processor mode="view">

Jsp-path is at this time undefined, because we haven’t created any page yet. So let’s do something with that. We need to create new template and new template instance:

roo> surf template create --path test
Created SRC_MAIN_WEBAPP/WEB-INF/templates/test.ftl
roo> surf template instance create --id test --path templates --template test
Created SRC_MAIN_WEBAPP/WEB-INF/templates/test.xml

At this time we have Freemarker template (test.ftl) and template instance (test.xml) inside directory /WEB-INF/templates. We need to edit those files. First let’s add following code into test.ftl. There are four regions defined – three of them inside template scope (already defined by installation of Surf addon) and one with page scope, which we’ll define and bind later.

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "" >
<html xmlns="">
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />

    <div id="page">
      <div id="header">
        <@region id="header" scope="template" />
      <div id="horznav">
        <@region id="horznav" scope="template" />
      <div id="content">
        <@region id="content" scope="page" />
      <div id="footer">
        <@region id="footer" scope="template" />

Following code (template instance) is definition of components in template scope and is also located in templates directory: test.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
  <description>Instance of test</description>

Now we can create new page based on previously defined template-instance and add link to our new page to horizontal bar. For those actions we can use roo:

roo> surf page create --id test --path pagestest --templateInstance test
Created SRC_MAIN_WEBAPP/WEB-INF/pages/test
Created SRC_MAIN_WEBAPP/WEB-INF/pages/test/test.xml

roo> surf page association create --sourceId home --destId test
Managed SRC_MAIN_WEBAPP/WEB-INF/pages/home/home.xml

As written in roo output, directory test inside pages is created and test.xml within. This file is page configuration and we have to define our content for region defined in template. But not necessary, it’s good idea to check our work now. So let’s try to Run it on server… It’s ugly, but it works! 🙂

First try

First try

That’s cool, but our aim is to create working .jsp page. How to do that? What about simply create that page? 🙂 So let’s create test.jsp inside /WEB-INF/pages/test and fill it with some simple code:

<%@ taglib prefix='c' uri=''%>

<%@ page import="java.util.*"  %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java"%>

<h1>Test jsp</h1>

  String someText = "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.";

  List<String> l = new ArrayList<String>();
  l.add("Maecenas iaculis odio id eros fermentum non tempus erat interdum.");
  l.add("Sed mi orci, dignissim vitae cursus hendrerit, congue sed odio. ");
  l.add("Vivamus quam diam, dapibus sit amet placerat a, tempus at magna.");

  session.setAttribute("someText", someText);
  session.setAttribute("l", l);

<p>${someText }</p>

<c:forEach var="x" items="${l }" >

That’s our page. Now we need to connect it with previously created component type – /WEB-INF/classes/surf/site/component-types/test.xml. In time of creation we omit jsp-path, so fill it up now:


Last thing to do is to put our shiny new component-type into page. In template we defined region, which is filled in page scope. That’s that components section in page config – /WEB-INF/pages/test/test.xml. It’s good idea to add some title and some styling like border and background thanks to chrome element:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
      <title>JSP inside</title>

After rebuild and redeploy we have our jsp component working, as you can see at http://localhost:8080/webscripts/test. Congratulations, good work!

Final application look

Final application look

Ah, in case you got lost, there is package with working sourcecode for this whole example.

Freemarker templates and java backed webscripts


Wondering about output to freemarker template from java backed webscript in Spring Surf? You’re on the right place, it’s simple so I’ll try to describe it on a few lines. For first I suppose some prerequisites you have:

Ok, let’s get it done quickly! Create new directory, for example webscripts. Go into it, fire up roo, create a new project, install surf extension into it and create an Eclipse project:

project --topLevelPackage cz.shmoula.webscripts
surf install
perform eclipse

Now you should have base skeleton of our future app (you can also download it here) and you can import it into SpringSource Tool Suite.

Webscripts are located in src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/webscripts folder, so open that folder and create two files: example.get.html.ftl (template) and example.get.desc.xml (description).

<p>logged user: ${userId}</p>
      <description>Sample java backed webscript</description>

Now we have to create our java source code. It’s not bad idea to put webscripts to their own package, for example webscript. In that package create a new class, which extends org.springframework.extensions.webscripts.AbstractWebScript – Example. By doing that we have to implement an execute method, which is called, when webscript is executed:

public void execute(WebScriptRequest req, WebScriptResponse res)
    throws IOException {

Let’s fill that method. We need a model map, which holds values as pair (String)key – (Object)value. For our desired function we also need to get HttpServletRequest:

Map<String, Object> model = new HashMap<String, Object>();
HttpServletRequest httpRequest = ServletUtil.getRequest();

Now to fill up model (aka our function). Let’s find out if there is logged in user and if so, write out it’s userId:

      model.put("userId", AuthenticationUtil.getUserId(httpRequest));
      model.put("userId", "guest");

Final step is to put out our model. We need to get writer and renderTemplate, which we specified by its path (and also flush and close our writer):

Writer writer = res.getWriter();
String templatePath = "webscripts/example.get.html.ftl";
renderTemplate(templatePath, createTemplateParameters(req, res, model), writer);


Last thing we have to do is to let Surf know about our shiny new webscript. You can add new bean directly inside applicationContext, but it’s not bad idea to keep them separately. So in src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/config create new Spring Bean Definition file – custom-webscripts-config.xml and put inside new bean definition:

<bean id="webscript.webscripts.example.get" class="cz.shmoula.webscript.Example" parent="webscript"/>

Now we have to import that new config: in the same directory is surf-config.xml file, so let’s add there new import:

<import resource="custom-webscripts-config.xml"/>

At this time we can run our project and visit http://localhost:8080/webscripts/example, which shows following page:

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It’s possible to login (if you have set up user factory) as an Alfresco user and after that another userId is shown. I’m planning to write new blogpost about custom user factory and stuff like that, so be patient please. Finally, you can download source code for this example at this link. Structure of project is shown at following screenshot (note that red dots – those are modified files):

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Finally, try to experiment with some examples from Alfresco wiki and look forward to next blogpost.

Webscripts v Alfrescu a Cache


Dnes jsem málem zase přišel o rozum při snaze rozchodit v IntranetExploaderu některé flashové součásti aplikace, běžící v Alfrescu, které jsem překlopil na zabezpečený režim přenosu za použití SSL. Šlo o to, že flash odmítl načíst vzdálené XML (aka výstup webscriptu).

Po celoodpoledním googlení jsem našel prvotní nakopávku. Takže jsem natáhl plugin pro firefox, který mě jen utvrdil v tom, že výstup (obr. 1) generovaný webscripty Alfresca se neslučuje s bugou v IE. Ve wiki Alfresca sice něco o cache je, ale nějak jsem z toho nepochytil, jaké konkrétní hodnoty mám nastavit.

Obr. 1: hlavičky, se kterými má IE problémy

Takže jsem ještě chvíli pokusničil, googlil a nadával, až jsem definitivně kápnul na kombinaci, kterou dokáže přelouskat i IE a flash mi konečně funguje korektně i v tomhletom „prohlížeči“. Je nutné odstranit položku „Pragma“ a položce „Cache-control“ nastavit hodnotu no-store a must-revalidate. V definici webscriptu alfresca (nazev.get.desc.xml) se jedná o tři položky:






Tato definice přidaná k popisu webscriptu generuje hlavičku výstupu webscriptu už správně, jak je vidět na Obr. 2.

Obr. 2: správné nastavení chování cache

Teď už vše funguje tak jak má a mě se potvrzuje oblíbený fakt potvrzující, že Microsoft by se měl věnovat jedné jediné věci, kterou jakž-takž dělal relativně dobře – výrobě počítačových myší:

  • Vývoj aplikace – x člověkojednotek
  • Zjišťování, proč to nejede v IE – 2*x člověkojednotek
  • Snaha to nějak obechcat – min. 2*x člověkojednotek

PS pokud někdo také tápe a už vyzkoušel všechno, nechť kroky své sune tímto směrem a též směrem k nastavení IE – Možnosti Internetu / Upřesnit a odtržení položky „Neukládat šifrované stránky na disk“.

    HOWTO Alfresco PHP Library and xUbuntu


    I tried to install Alfresco PHP Library and install it on my kubuntu developing box and it’s really very easy to get it running! Instalation procedure for windows is described in Alfresco wiki, but there are some differencies.

    To get it running it’s needed to install apache and php:

    sudo apt-get install apache2 libapache2-mod-php5

    Then you need to download PHP Library from Sourceforge. After that you can unpack it somewhere; good place is for example /usr/share/php/alfresco-php-library. Now it’s not bad to set virtual directory to that directory. So edit your /etc/apache2/conf.d/alias file and add something like this:

    Alias /Alfresco/ /usr/share/php/alfresco-php-library/

    <Directory /usr/share/php/alfresco-php-library/>
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
    AllowOverride All
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all

    Also including this directory automaticaly (/etc/php5/apache2/php.ini) should be cool:

    include_path = „.:/usr/share/php/alfresco-php-library“

    Now you need to restart apache:

    /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

    And edit configuration file in alfresco-php-library/Examples/config.php.

    $repositoryUrl = "http://localhost:8080/alfresco/api";
    $userName = "admin";
    $password = "admin";

    After all that you can try to open web browser and point it to http://localhost/Alfresco/Examples/SimpleBrowse/ and it should work 😎

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    Sending content to java webscript via POST method


    Yesterday I stucked on problem of getting data from WebScriptRequest, which were sent by POST method. There is some bug in Apache Tomcat, so there is a simple workaround described for example here. My task was to create webscript, which tries to find a file in repository (or create it, if it doesn’t exist) and to write content inside – data of POST request.

    My webscript is Java backed, so only description in WEB-INF/classes/alfresco/templates/client/webscripts/org/alfresco/archivace is needed:

    <shortname>SaveModif file</shortname>
    <description>Ulozi dorucena data do *.modif.xml</description>

    Also definition in web-scripts-application-context.xml:

    <bean id=““ class=“cz.shmoula.webscripts.SaveModif“ parent=“webscript“>
    <property name=“authenticationComponent“ ref=“AuthenticationComponent“/>
    <property name=“nodeService“ ref=“NodeService“/>
    <property name=“searchService“ ref=“SearchService“/>
    <property name=“fileFolderService“ ref=“FileFolderService“/>
    <property name=“contentService“ ref=“ContentService“/>

    Now let’s get Node object itself:

    // try to get DescriptionNode
    Node xmlNode = getDescriptionNode(nodeRef);

    // if DescriptionNode doesn’t exist, create one
    if (xmlNode == null) {
    String path = noda.getName();
    String filename = path.substring(0, path.lastIndexOf(„.“)) + „.modif.xml“;
    NodeRef spaceRef = nodeService.getPrimaryParent(noda.getNodeRef()).getParentRef();
    xmlNode = createDescriptionNode(spaceRef, filename);

    At this time in xmlNode is Node object – either existing one, or created one, so let’s write that request content inside:

    ContentWriter writer = contentService.getWriter(xmlNode.getNodeRef(), ContentModel.PROP_CONTENT, true);

    Simple, but sometimes it doesnt work. Why? Due to that bug mentioned in perex. So how are data sent through POST method? Let’s try it with wget:

    wget –post-data=’pokus‘ –http-user=admin –http-password=admin http://localhost:8080/alfresco/service/archivace/savemodif?nodeRef=workspace://SpacesStore/91919928-3709-4e2e-a829-b0be46976e42

    Captured request looks like this

    Image and video hosting by TinyPic

    As you can see, everything looks ok. But getContent() in our webscript is empty. Why? there is no content – there are just parameters, due to application/x-www-form-urlencoded content type. So req.getParameterNames() returns String[] array in which are in our case two parameters: {{nodeRef}, {pokus}}. This is not what we want, because length ot these parameter names may be limited (2M?). So let’s use mentioned advice – change content-type:

    wget –post-data=’pokus‘ –header=’Content-Type: text/xml‘ –http-user=admin –http-password=admin http://localhost:8080/alfresco/service/archivace/savemodif?nodeRef=workspace://SpacesStore/91919928-3709-4e2e-a829-b0be46976e42

    And now it works! 🙂 Sniffed request looks like before, just content-type header line had changed:

    Image and video hosting by TinyPic

    Now is possible to send inputStream of content to Writer:


    At this time req.getParameterNames() has just one parameter – {{nodeRef}} and content is really saved in data field.

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